HUNTING WITH RICHTHOFEN
Karl - Heinrich Bodenschatz ( December 10th, 1890 - August 25th, 1979 ) was born in Rehau ( Bavaria, former German Empire, present - day Germany ).
After graduating from high school, he joined the 8th Bavarian Infantry Regiment " Grand Duke Friedrich II of Baden " as a Fahnenjunker ( " Colors Junker ", officer cadet ) on July 27th, 1910. There, he was promoted to Fähnrich ( " Flag Bearer ", officer candidate ) on March 12th, 1911, and to Leutnant ( Second Lieutenant ) on October 28th, 1912.
With the outbreak of the First World War, Karl - Heinrich Bodenschatz and his regiment arrived at the Western Front. He subsequently served as Zugführer ( Platoon Leader ) and Kompanieführer ( Company Commander ), and participated in the Battle of Verdun ( February 21st - December 18th, 1916 ). He was promoted to Oberleutnant ( First Lieutenant ) on March 16th, 1916.
After being wounded four times, he was then transferred to the Deutsche Luftstreitkräfte and, from July 15th to August 20th, 1916, he was trained as an observer with the Bavarian Flieger - Ersatz - Abteilung Schleißheim. In October 1916, Karl - Heinrich Bodenschatz became an officer at the special disposal ( Adjutant ) of the Jagdstaffel 2, which was led by Oswald Boelcke ( 1891 - 1916 ).
In February 1917, he became Adjutant to Rittmeister Baron Manfred von Richthofen ( 1892 - 1918 ), first in Jagdstaffel 11, and from June onwards in Jagdgeschwader 1. After the death of Richthofen and Wilhelm Reinhardt ( July 1918 ), Hermann Göring ( 1893 - 1946 ) became Geschwader - kommandeur ( Squadron Commander ). The two have been close friends ever since.
After the end of the war, Karl - Heinrich Bodenschatz was transferred to the Reichswehr. Here is the list of his subsequent appointments :
- Zugführer ( Platoon Leader ), Reichswehr Infantery Regiment 45.
- Hauptmann ( Captain, September 28th, 1920 ), Company Commander of 20th ( Bavarian ) Infantry Regiment.
- 21st ( Bavarian ) Infantry Regiment ( March 1st, 1921 - September 30th, 1930 ).
- Staff of the Ingolstadt Command ( October 1st, 1930 - March 31st, 1933 ).
- Major ( April 1st, 1932 ).
- Personal Advisor and Adjutant to Hermann Göring, Reich Aviation Ministry ( Berlin, April 1st, 1933 ).
- Associate Judge, People's Court ( 1934 ).
- Adjutant in the Luftwaffe under Adolf Hitler ( August 1935 ).
- Head of the Staff Office of the Prussian Prime Minister ( June 1936 ).
- Generalmajor ( Major General, February 1st, 1938 ).
- Head of the Ministerial Office in the Reich Aviation Ministry and Göring's Liaison Officer to Hitler ( April 1938 - May 1945 ).
- General der Flieger ( General of the Air Force, July 1st, 1941 ).
During the second half of the war, Karl - Heinrich Bodenschatz was deployed exclusively in the various Führer Headquarters. In the assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler by Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg ( July 20th, 1944 ), he was seriously injured and unfit for duty. He was captured at Bad Reichenhall ( Bavaria ) by the Americans, on May 5th, 1945.
Between 1945 and 1947, Karl - Heinrich Bodenschatz was a United States prisoner of war. Until August 1945, he was held in Camp No. 32 ( Camp Ashcan ) in Bad Mondorf ( Luxembourg ), together with other high - ranking military personnel and high N.S.D.A.P. charges. Later, he was Hermann Göring's first defence witness at the Nuremberg trials ( November 20th, 1945 - October 1st, 1946 ).
At the end of 1948, he himself was placed in the group of exonerated persons by an Erlangen court of justice ( Bavaria ), as his career in the Nazi state had been based solely on his personal relations during the First World War.
Karl - Heinrich Bodenschatz died in Erlangen, at the age of 88.
( source : Wikipedia ).