De Havilland Canada DHC - 8 ( Dash 8 )

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This poster depicts a three - quarter front view of a de Havilland Canada DHC - 8, known as the Dash 8, warming up its engines before take - off.

Caractéristiques

Format 46,2 x 61 cm
Auteur Charles Bryant
Editeur Boeing of Canada Ltd.
Année d’édition 1990

Description

The de Havilland Canada DHC - 8, commonly known as the Dash 8, is a series of turboprop - powered regional airliners, introduced by de Havilland Canada ( DHC ) in 1984. DHC was later bought by Boeing in 1988, then by Bombardier in 1992 ; then by Longview Aviation Capital in 2019, reviving the de Havilland Canada brand.
In the 1970's, de Havilland Canada had invested heavily in its Dash 7 project, concentrating on STOL and short - field performance, the company's traditional area of expertise. Using four medium - power engines with large, four - bladed propellers resulted in comparatively lower noise levels, which combined with its excellent STOL characteristics, made the Dash 7 suitable for operating from small in - city airports, a market DHC felt would be compelling. However, only a handful of air carriers employed the Dash 7, as most regional airlines were more interested in operational costs than short - field performance.
In 1980, de Havilland responded by dropping the short - field performance requirement and adapting the basic Dash 7 layout to use only two, more powerful engines. Its favoured engine supplier, Pratt & Whitney Canada, developed the new PW100 series engines for the role, more than doubling the power from its PT6. Originally designated the PT7A - 2R engine, it later became the PW120. When the Dash 8 rolled out on April 19, 1983, more than 3,800 hours of testing had been accumulated over two years on five PW100 series test engines. The Dash 8 first flight was on June 20, 1983.
The airliner entered service in 1984 with NorOntair, and Piedmont Airlines ( formerly Henson Airlines, the first U.S. customer the same year ). The Dash 8 was introduced at a particularly advantageous time ; most airlines were in the process of adding new aircraft to their fleets as the airline industry expanded greatly in the 1980's.
In 1986, Boeing bought the company in a bid to improve production at DHC's Downsview Airport plants, as well as better position itself to compete for a new Air Canada order for large intercontinental airliners. Air Canada was a crown corporation at the time, and both Boeing and Airbus were competing heavily via political channels for the contract. It was eventually won by Airbus, which received an order for 34 A320 aircraft in a highly controversial move. The allegations of bribery are today known as the Airbus affair. Following its failure in the competition, Boeing immediately put de Havilland Canada up for sale. The company was eventually purchased by Bombardier in 1992.
Three sizes were offered : initially the 37 - 40 seat - 100 until 2005 and the more powerful - 200 from 1995, the stretched 50 - 56 seats - 300 from 1989, both until 2009, and the 68 - 90 seats - 400 from 1999, still in production.
( source : Wikipedia )
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